Bonnie Elizabeth Parker (October 1, 1910 - May 23, 1934) and Clyde Chestnut Barrow a.k.a. Clyde Champion Barrow (March 24, 1909 - May 23, 1934) were American outlaws and robbers from Dallas, Texas who traveled the central United States with their gang during the Great Depression. Many times, the gang included Buck Barrow, Blanche Barrow, Ray Hamilton, W.D. Jones, Joe Palmer, Henry Methvin, and Ralph Fults. Their many exploits captured the attention of the American public during the "Public Enemy Era", between 1931 and 1935. Though today known for his dozen-or-so bank robberies, Clyde Barrow preferred to rob small stores or rural gas stations. Clyde and Bonnie along with their gang was believed to have killed at least nine police officers and several civilians. The outlaw couple were eventually ambushed and killed near the town of Sailes, Louisiana, in Bienville Parish, Louisiana, by Texas Ranger Frank Hamer and five other lawmen. The couple's reputation was revived and cemented in American pop folklore by Arthur Penn's 1967 film Bonnie and Clyde, which starred Faye Dunaway and Warren Beatty as the pair. During their lifetimes, the couple's depiction in the press was at considerable odds with the reality of their life on the road, most interestingly in the case of Bonnie Parker. Though present at a hundred or more felonies during her two years as Clyde's companion, she didn't appear as the gun-wielding killer portrayed in the newspapers, newsreels, and pulp detectives magazines of the day. One of their gang members, W.D. Jones, would later testify that he was unsure if he had ever seen her fire at officers. Bonnie's reputation as a cigar smokin' gun moll grew out of a playful snapshot found by police at an abandoned hideout in Joplin, Missouri, released to the press, and eventually published worldwide. Though Parker did chain-smoke Camel cigarettes, she was never a cigar smoker. Historian Jeff Guinn believes the Joplin photos led to the glamorization and creation of legend about the outlaws, saying - "John Dillinger had matinee-idol good looks and Pretty Boy Floyd had the best possible nickname, but the Joplin photos introduced new criminal superstars with the most titillating trademark of all—illicit sex. Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker were wild and young, and undoubtedly slept together."
Bonnie Elizabeth Parker (October 1, 1910 - May 23, 1934) was born in Rowena, Texas, the second of three children to Charles Parker, a bricklayer who died when Bonnie was four, and Emma Krause. Emma moved with the children to her parents home in Cement City, an industrial suburb now known as West Dallas, where Bonnie found work as a seamstress. Frank Krause, her maternal grandfather, initially came from Germany. As an adult, Bonnie loved to write, highly evidenced by her most famous work "The Story of Suicide Sal", and "The Trail's End" (now known as "The Story of Bonnie and Clyde"). When Bonnie was a sophomore in high school, she met Roy Thornton. Parker and Thornton dropped out of high school, and six days after Bonnie's 16th birthday, they were married on September 25, 1926. Their marriage was marked by Roy's constant absences and brushes with the law, and was short-lived. After January 1929, they never saw each other again. However, they were never divorced, and Bonnie was wearing Roy's ring the day she died. Roy Thornton was in prison in 1934 when he learned of her death, his reaction was - "I'm glad they went out like they did. It's much better than being caught." In 1929, after the sudden break-down of her marriage, Bonnie lived with her mother and worked as a waitress in Dallas. One of her most regular customers in the café was postal worker Ted Hinton, who had a crush on Bonnie, and who would later join the Dallas Sheriff's Department in 1932. He was one of six lawmen who participated in her 1934 ambush. In early 1929, Bonnie kept a diary, where she wrote of her loneliness, impatience with life in Dallas, and her love of talking pictures.
Clyde Chestnut Barrow (March 24, 1909 - May 23, 1934) was born into a relatively poor family in Ellis County, Texas, near Telico, a town southwest of Dallas. He was the fifth of seven children of Henry Basil Barrow (1874 - 1957) and Cumie T. Walker (1874 - 1943). The Barrows migrated to Dallas in the early 1920s due to wave of resettlement